Advanced Neuro Robotics Lab with AI and Computational Models

Advanced Neuro Robotics Lab with AI and Computational Models

Robot models may be used to both inform and generate hypotheses based on biological data. Robotics enables accurate execution of theoretical models and subsequent controlled manipulation, which is not achievable in animal models due to ethical concerns or restricted technique. 

Robot models improve experiment replicability and eliminate subject weariness, allowing for more and faster studies as well as minimising the negative consequences of fatigue on performance. As a result, robot models make optimal use of resources and reduce the number of animal experiments.

The Beuth-Hochschule für Technik Berlin hosts the Neurorobotics Research Laboratory (NRL). For autonomous robots, we design and explore morphologies and distributed neural networks. Adaptive and resilient behaviours are of particular interest to us. 

Adaptive behaviour refers to the ability of a robot's behaviour to adjust to its surroundings and body. As a result, allowing robots to move freely in a real environment is critical (which in technical jargon is called Embodiment and situatedness).

The Brain-Machine Interface (BMI) is a new device that uses electrical impulses from the human brain to help paralysed people replace or recover vital physiological functions. The principal investigator and his team are developing noninvasive methods to acquire multimodal signals from the human brain, developing signal processing techniques, implementing artificial neural network algorithms, and extracting features to control various robotics devices using motor imaginary signals and steady state visual evoked potential signals from the brain. 

Artificially intelligent algorithms are being used to operate virtual situations, numerous robotic hands, limbs, and vehicle robots utilising real-time BMI methods.

Computational neural models can isolate particular sections of the nervous system, account for changes in a single neuronal population in a complex multilevel system, and extract extremely comprehensive data on causal mechanisms, neural dynamics, and therapies that are difficult to acquire from animal models. 

Advanced Neuro Robotics Lab with AI and Computational Models

Computational neural models, on the other hand, are constrained by the fact that they are just a partial implementation of a complete system. Due to its high complexity architecture—86 billion neurons working in parallel, each with an average of 7,000 connections to neighbouring neurons1—fully modelling the human brain is not yet computationally tractable.

Modeling is commonly used in medical research to generate understanding into the pathogenic mechanisms and treatment of neurodevelopmental problems, but existing models, such as animal models and computational models, have limitations in terms of generalizability to humans and the scope of experiments that can be conducted. 

Robotics provides a potentially complementary modelling platform, with benefits such as embodiment and physical environmental interaction, as well as parameters that are easily monitored and changeable. The many types of models used in biomedical research are discussed in this study, as well as the available neurorobotics models of neurological diseases.

Neurorobots are robots whose control systems are based on aspects of the human brain. Neurorobots can be a valuable tool for researching neural activity in a comprehensive manner since the brain is so tightly connected to the body and placed in the environment. 

It might also be a way to create autonomous systems with some biological intelligence. The following essay gives my take on the field, highlights some of the key events, and speculates on its future prospects.

Meet the Most Advanced Humanoid Robots for Different Function execution capability 

The use of robotic technology to enhance, support, or aid people with impairments is on the rise, according to academics. The lab's research group is developing next-generation (intelligent and cost-effective) orthotic, prosthetic, and rehabilitative devices to support and/or help people with impairments such as Muscular Dystrophy, Multiple Sclerosis, Spinal Cord Injury, Stroke, and Cerebral Palsy, among others.

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